A number of cases dealing with the legality of firing workers based on their gender identities and sexual orientations have been heard by the Supreme Court. The difficulty of litigating claims may be more important to New York workers than the legality or illegality of certain actions. According to a study that looked at roughly 1,800 federal lawsuits from 1988 to 2003, only around 6% of civil rights actions make it to trial. The study included cases alleging race, disability and age discrimination, as well as sex discrimination.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act prohibits employers in New York and around the country from discriminating against pregnant workers. On Sept. 17, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission announced that United Parcel Service, Inc., has agreed to pay $2.25 million for violating the provisions of the 1978 law. EEOC investigators concluded that UPS failed to offer pregnant employees the opportunity to perform light duties that would have allowed them to continue working.
Workers in New York or anywhere else who are mistreated by their employers may be entitled to due process. A complaint filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) may help a person obtain relief. The EEOC may order that an individual is entitled to compensatory damages or reinstatement to his or her former position. In some cases, individuals may be given a financial award and reinstated to their most previous position within an organization.
Researchers examined four data gathered over the course of four years and published a report indicated that the number of women in STEM careers is increasing, but there are still disparities in employment. The acronym STEM refers to science, technology, engineering and math, career areas that have traditionally seen more men than women. Employers in New York and around the country are required by law to provide a workplace free of discrimination, and the data in the report might help to shed light on discriminatory practices in STEM careers.
The company behind one of the most popular video games in the world has settled a class-action suit alleging gender discrimination. New York gamers might already be familiar with Riot Games or its incredibly popular game, League of Legends. One former employee of Riot Games and one current employee filed a lawsuit alleging that the company blocked career advancement and denied them equal pay because of their gender. The COO of Riot was suspended at the end of 2018 after there were reports that he hit employees in the genitals and farted on them.
Even though people are living and working longer, age discrimination continues to be a problem for workers in New York and across the country. A recent study shows that more than 20% of all workers age 40 and over report that they have experienced age discrimination first hand. Nevertheless, nearly seven in 10 people in this age group say they intend to continue working after reaching full retirement age.
Those who work in New York and throughout the country are supposed to be able to do their jobs free from harassment, but racial discrimination may still happen. According to the TSA, two employees were suspended after a noose was found at a baggage screening area at the Miami International Airport. The TSA said that it did not tolerate racism while a representative for the airport had no comment. Furthermore, the TSA said that the display was taken down as soon as it was discovered.
New York workers who are teased about their age or accent could be victims of discrimination. One woman who worked at a California hospital said in a lawsuit that her supervisor constantly made comments about herself and the Filipino unit coordinators who worked there. The department director told her and the other workers of Filipino descent to go back to school to learn how to speak and write better in English.
LGBTQ workers employed in New York businesses may be interested to learn that more than 200 large businesses and corporations are calling for the U.S. Supreme Court to ban job discrimination based on potential employee's sexual orientation or gender identity. It was reported that among the corporations calling for the ban included Amazon, Walt Disney and Microsoft.
Various forms of discrimination in employment situations have garnered much attention and rightfully so. Employers have leverage in the vast majority of New York workplace relationships, and an unscrupulous boss can place a worker in an untenable position. Without a legal remedy, the employee would be faced with the unpleasant reality of accepting poor working conditions because complaining would likely result in termination. However, current laws tend to protect certain categories of workers over others.