The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is the federal agency that is directly tasked with enforcing specific federal laws that concern discrimination in the workplace. The EEOC helps to enforce these laws both when public-sector and private-sector employees suffer unlawful discrimination on the job. As part of its broader mission, the EEOC also provides discrimination-related education and guidance to employers and employees alike.
The primary reason why it is important to get to know the EEOC is that, in the event that you ever suffer unlawful discrimination or harassment on the job, this agency will assume an interest in your case. Before you’ll be permitted to sue your employer, you’ll need to work with an attorney to submit a formal complaint to the agency.
Once the EEOC reviews your complaint, it will likely investigate your alleged circumstances. It will then ultimately decide whether to intervene on your behalf or release your claim so that you can sue your employer directly.
The ultimate value of understanding the basics of the EEOC
By understanding the role that the EEOC plays in the management of employment discrimination claims, employees whose rights have been violated can approach their situation in truly informed ways. When meeting with a legal professional, they can ask thoughtful questions about the situation they’re facing and be better prepared for what lies ahead. Although it isn’t always necessary to understand the role that certain government agencies play in the American experience, the EEOC is one of those agencies that is worth getting to know.